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The Rational Optimist: How Prosperity Evolves

 Life is getting better—and at an accelerating rate. Food availability, income, and life span are up; disease, child mortality, and violence are down — all across the globe. Though the world is far from perfect, necessities and luxuries alike are getting cheaper; population growth is slowing; Africa is following Asia out of poverty; the Internet, the mobile phone, and container shipping are enriching people’s lives as never before. The pessimists who dominate public discourse insist that we will soon reach a turning point and things will start to get worse. But they have been saying this for two hundred years. Yet Matt Ridley does more than describe how things are getting better. He explains why. Prosperity comes from everybody working for everybody else. The habit of exchange and specialization—which started more than 100,000 years ago—has created a collective brain that sets human living standards on a rising trend. The mutual dependence, trust, and sharing that result are causes for hope, not despair. This bold book covers the entire sweep of human history, from the Stone Age to the Internet, from the stagnation of the Ming empire to the invention of the steam engine, from the population explosion to the likely consequences of climate change. It ends with a confident assertion that thanks to the ceaseless capacity of the human race for innovative change, and despite inevitable disasters along the way, the twenty-first century will see both human prosperity and natural biodiversity enhanced. Acute, refreshing, and revelatory, The Rational Optimist will change your way of thinking about the world for the better.

《理性乐观派:一部人类经济进步史》本书向我们阐述了情况怎样越变越好,并说明了原因。繁荣来自人人为人人效力。始于十多万年前的交换和专业分工习惯,创造出了以加速趋势改善人类生活水平的集体大脑。这本大胆的书涵盖了人类的整个历史,从石器时代说到互联网,从明王朝的积重难返讲到蒸汽机的发明,从新近的人口爆炸讲到气候变化可能带来的后果。天灾人祸固然必不可免,但多亏了人类发明创造的无穷能力,21世纪必将实现巨大的经济繁荣,同时在大自然生物多样性方面创下新高。本书观点独到、新颖,具有启发意义,能帮助你思考怎样让世界变得更美好。

《理性乐观派:一部人类经济进步史(珍藏版)》观点独到、新颖,具有启发意义,能帮助你思考怎样让世界变得更美好。

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